Read Stories and Riddles in Filipino

In Interlinear, the Filipino text is followed by an English translation below each word or phrase.

How the Interlinear translation method works
How the Interlinear translation method works, vertical display

Interlinear is like subtitles for books…

Explanation of the Interlinear method in two steps
Explanation of the Interlinear method in two steps
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What is Stories and Riddles about?

The Stories and Riddles (Mga Kwento at Mga Bugtong) is a collection of Filipino folklore: it includes several well-known short stories like The Foolish Monkey and the Clever Turtle or The Race of the Deer and the Snail and a set of hand-picked riddles. During childhood, many Filipinos would have heard these stories from their parents or from school since they always contain a life lesson in the end.

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Celebrating the Philippines' art of the riddle

Filipinos are said to have developed riddles almost into a distinct art form. Riddles are regarded as promoting creativity and good-natured feelings, and they are a legitimate form of expression not only during the good but also the dull or even sad times. Since many of their original creators used to live in rural areas and were constantly exposed to the everyday life, Filipino riddles also tend to concern the environment and the day-to-day. This book features nearly a hundred Filipino riddles, thematically divided, with answers as well as occasional explanations.

How was this Filipino translation made?

Literal but understandable

This Filipino translation follows the main principle of Interlinear translations on our site: the translations must be as literal as possible as long as they are still understandable. Here is an example:

Itinanong Was asked
sa to
kanya him
ng by
hari the king

The usual English wording would be "The king asked him" but Filipino uses quite a different structure to English, forcing us to look for ways to convey the meaning intended. However, even though the phrase above is certainly unusual, it is still perfectly understandable. Hence we have kept the words separate and translated them one-by-one and literally.

But see this translation:

Mga ilalaglag [The] drop
kong my
bunga fruit

Very hard to understand, isn't it? Hence we take such a phrase and translate it all together:

mga ilalaglag kong bunga [The] fruit that I will drop

Following this method, we have managed to translate most of the book literally and nearly word-by-word, only merging very occasional hard-to-translate words or expressions.

Filipino or Tagalog?

We get asked: is this translation useful for learners of Filipino or Tagalog? The answer is: both! Filipino (the language used in this book) is built on the basis of Tagalog, except Filipino includes loan-words from European and other Philippine languages. However, since this book features stories from folklore and old literature, its use of exclusively-Filipino vocabulary is light and learners of Tagalog will find much use in this book.

Free audiobook included

To make our translation even more helpful to learners of Filipino, our translator and native Filipino speaker Genessa Zenith Bayno made a home recording of the entire text as an audiobook. The audiobook follows to the minute detail the text of the book, and it is spoken at a slow learner-friendly pace. The audiobook comes as a collection of mp3 audio files, which can be downloaded and played on your device. The audiobook is free for all buyers of the e-book!

Translation made and audio recorded by Genessa Zenith Bayno.

This Interlinear book includes:

  • 61 standard-book pages
  • over four thousand translated words and expressions
  • original text & aligned Interlinear translations
  • a separately available Filipino-only version of the text to get additional practice after having read the text with the Interlinear translation
  • files in the printable or electronically readable PDF format, as well as MOBI and EPUB format files for Kindles and other e-book readers, tablets, and phones - all immediately available to download
  • a free home-made Filipino audiobook recorded by a native speaker Genessa Zenith Bayno for Interlinear Books!

Available to order right now.

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